Only seven ASEAN nations are mentioned in this chapter, with the exception of Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia. Only active Member States in the automotive industry are concerned. The ASEAN bloc has largely eliminated all import and export tariffs on intermediate items, with the exception of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam, which continue to impose nominal tariffs on certain items. But these will also be completely eliminated by 31 December 2015, so that the entire region will be exempt from customs duties from that date. The objective of this work is to determine the extent to which the automotive industry will be affected; negative or positive and what happens in the near future. On the one hand, reduced or removed tariff barriers within ASEAN countries play an important role, given the impact on imports and exports, and on the other hand, specific free trade agreements have enormous consequences for the world of producers. This is interesting so far, as many observers doubted the full implementation of the ASEAN free trade agreements in 2003. They were extremely skeptical not to say that they expected it not to work properly or not at all. Now they`re all rushing to find out the impact this has on their business.
increase trade, investment and economic efficiency; Are you ready for ASEAN 2015? The integration of ASEAN in 2015 and the free trade agreements signed by China with ASEAN and its member states will change the nature of production and exports oriented towards China and Asia. In this important edition of the Asia Briefing, we discuss these developments and their impact on China and the global supply chain. The new ASEAN members, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam, have not been far from behind in implementing their CEPT commitments, with nearly 80% of their products having switched to their CEPT ILS. Of these items, about 66 per cent already have tariffs in the 0-5 per cent tariff band. Vietnam has until 2006 to reduce tariffs on products on the entry list to 5%, Laos and Myanmar in 2008 and Cambodia in 2010. Growth in the region has been supported by significant intra-ASEAN trade activity, which amounts to $543.7 billion, or 24% of total ASEAN trade. In addition, ASEAN has successfully attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) year over year, and for 2015, the total net FDI inflow into ASEAN amounted to $119.9 billion. ASEAN economic data originally six member states Unlike the EU, AFTA does not apply common external tariffs on imported goods. Any ASEAN member may, on the basis of its domestic calendars, impose tariffs on goods imported from outside ASEAN. However, for products originating in ASEAN, ASEAN members must apply a duty rate of 0-5% (the young members of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam, also known as cmLVs, have been granted additional time to implement the reduced rates). This is called the common effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT). “Rules of origin define the minimum local content or value added for manufactured goods in order to benefit from the tariff advantages of a free trade agreement” (source: Economic Times) – The CEPT only applies to products originating in ASEAN.
The general rule is that the local content of ASEAN must be at least 40% of the FOB value of the case.. . .