A general challenge has been the reduction in the number of members of employers` organizations due to difficulties in organising young institutions, small and medium-sized enterprises and businesses in the sectors of the youth economy. This is why most inter-professional employers` organizations have decided to offer affiliation without the obligation to apply sectoral collective agreements (affiliation without collective bargaining, oT). Employers` organizations generally do not publish a breakdown of the different types of members. An exception is the employers` organization of the metallurgical sector, Gesamtmetall, which reported that the member companies that are part of the OT slightly exceeded the other types of members in 2016. According to the national source, the coverage of collective agreements and the coverage of company committees have declined steadily, albeit less markedly in recent years. The Works Council has general rights of information and consultation under the Business Constitution Act. The Works Council is required to ensure that all health laws, rules and provisions are properly enforced and in the interests of workers. To perform its functions, the Works Council must have a firm dialogue with the employer. Employers and company committees can agree on binding enterprise agreements for all employees. General overview of mandatory minimum wages under the 2019 collective agreements (in euros): German law does not provide for a specific legal structure for unionised workers. However, some unions expect them to take care of it. Their rights and obligations are generally defined by trade unions, although their position in certain sectors is also governed by collective agreements. In an ideal situation, there are some next to the works council.
In practice, there is often no specific trade union structure and the members of the Works Council will carry out their duties. All members of the Works Council are entitled to “necessary” training for their work on the Works Council. This training must be paid for entirely by the employer, including the cost of the course, accommodation, travel expenses and salaries of the member of the company committee present. From 1,501 to 5,000 employees, the company committee increases by two or partly for 500 employees; 5,001 to 7,000 two for every 1,000 others. Jobs from 7,001 to 9,000 have 35 members on the works council, and more than 9,000 jobs have two additional members of the company committee for an additional 3,000 employees. The changes in 2001 expanded the Works Council to almost all levels. In the private sector, the employers` organization of the automotive industry reported that 71% of its members had not implemented the branch collective agreement approved by Gesamtmetall and IG Metall. Gesamtmetall argued that inter-professional agreements must be flexible to remain attractive, while IG Metall organized protests and said employers were trying to take advantage of the situation and were not preparing to move to Industry 4.0.